5 Stages of Team Development Complete Guide

The diagram shows that the effectiveness of a team or group fluctuates over time. A kanban board gives you a visual overview of all of the tasks for your project, so you can keep an eye on any bottlenecks or areas of pressure. There are a few things you can do to reduce the intensity and duration of your storms. One way is to touch base with your team regularly through short stand up meetings. Failure to address problems here can result in long-term issues, but once this stage is passed through successfully, things will get easier.

  • Some leaders are afraid of this stage since tensions may get high during this phase of forming a team.
  • An excellent example of team development is when colleagues from different departments partner to work on a project.
  • The diagram shows that the effectiveness of a team or group fluctuates over time.
  • A team’s performance is at peak capacity at this stage because everyone has learned to identify and leverage each other’s strengths for the common good.
  • During the storming stage, team members encounter initial obstacles and master conflict resolution.

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How to make performing run smoothly

It’s really good to recognise people and to celebrate what’s happened. But we want to make sure that we are alsolooking forward and asking ‘what’s the next stage for this team? ’.Or if someone’s leaving the team, ‘what are our plans to replace that person or to have that work done differently? Or maybe it’s that so many people have left the team that it doesn’t really exist anymore. So you’ve restructured and people are going into different teams.The type of Adjourning you embrace is going to depend on what is happeningwith your team.

This will help to motivate them to continue to produce high-quality work. Let them know that you have faith in their abilities and that you are confident they can handle the task at hand. Throughout your career thus far, it is likely that you have encountered at least one instance where you were part of a team. Whether it was for a class project, extracurricular activity, or job-related task, being part of a team is an important life skill. When one person fails to complete a task, the rest of the group suffers. Tell teams what they are doing right as well as what they need to improve.

The 5 stages of group development

Concluding a group can create some apprehension – in effect, a minor crisis. The termination of the group is a regressive movement from giving up control to giving up inclusion in the group. The high performing team is largely autonomous and a good leader will now be delegating, developing team members and maintaining a visioning role. In addition, the leader may need to step into a more directive role to ensure the team remains professional, and resolves conflict in a non-judgemental and healthy way. The team must come together to decide how to move forwards and solve the inevitable challenges and misunderstandings that come out as the task progresses. Tuckman’s 5 Stages of Team Development has since formed the basis of many future team and group models, and is used extensively by management consultants and in team-building.

phases of team development

Team leaders need to facilitate introductions and highlight each member’s background and skills. Every organisation relies on great teamworkand it’s important to support our teams to work together effectively. Critical points for team development are when you’re onboarding new team members into an existing team, and when you’re bringing a new team together to achieve a particular project. In project management, the Tuckman Ladder is referenced and used extensively by project managers to help them assemble and guide teams toward success.

Forming — Getting projects started

In a nutshell, team development entails the stages of forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. By gaining a better understanding of the 5 stages of team development, you should have the tools you need to help your team collaborate more efficiently and productively. Forming is a period of testing and orientation in which members learn about each other and evaluate the benefits and costs of continued membership. People tend to be polite, will defer to authority, and try to find out what is expected of them and how they will fit into the team (McShane et al., 2018, p. 232).

phases of team development

Nonetheless, the conflicts can’t spiral into dysfunction because the team has gelled. Members have a more profound commitment to each other and the project’s completion, so it’s easier to handle conflicts. During what are the four stages of team development the first meeting, team members also learn their roles and what’s expected of them as they work towards attaining the shared goal. Ground rules that will govern the team get outlined at the forming stage.

Strengths of the 5 Stages of Development

Everyone plays a critical role in meeting the goal since each has a unique skill set. By following these tips, you can help your team move through the five stages of team development and achieve success. Using productivity tracking software can be helpful in keeping track of individual and team performance. There are numerous tools available to help you get started, such as Asana or Trello.

The team members have all learned each other’s strengths and weaknesses and can use this knowledge to everyone’s advantage. Every member of the team knows their role in the project and is able to complete their tasks efficiently. This stage occurs when team members are adjusting to each other and settling into their roles on the project. There will be a lot less arguing and planning and more working with one another. Team members will be tired of conflicting ideas and work harder to solve problems and reach the best state possible for the group to achieve. The storming phase may be quick or it may be incredibly long, depending on the complexity of the project.

Stage 5: Adjourning stage

Learning how to handle dissonance early strengthens a team and readies teammates to overcome more complex challenges with grace. Skipping this crucial development stage can stunt a team’s growth and delay true harmony. Originally the model, Bruce Tuckman only included four stages of team development, these were Forming, Storming, Norming, and Performing. However, in the late 1970s, he included a fifth stage which is adjourning. This last stage is known as mourning or termination (Business, n.d). This model explains how the team develops maturity and ability, establishes relationships among the members, and the changes of the leader when it comes to the leadership styles.

phases of team development

In the meantime, they quickly make a few tweaks here and there to maintain the app’s performance. With little left to do, Daisy, Adam, Daniel, and Stella decide to throw a party for good times’ sake. They’re all radiantly happy but also feel the time has come for them to part ways. In fact, they may even mourn the fact that the project is ending and that they need to move on to work on other projects.

Abigail Martínez

Licenciada en Ciencia Política y Relaciones Internacionales por el CIDE (Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas) y Maestra en Políticas Públicas por Macquarie University. Se especializa en análisis político y comunicación estratégica. Colaboradora de The HuffPost México, Gluc MX y ENEUSmx.

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